U.S. Senate bill: S. 3023 — Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2019
Passed Senate - currently in conference as a component of H.R. 6147
Cosponsors:(see all cosponsors)
Sen. Collins, Susan M. [R-ME]
U.S. House bill: H.R. 6072 — Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2019
Currently in conference as a component of H.R. 6147
Cosponsors:(see all cosponsors)
Rep. Diaz-Balart, Mario [R-FL-25]
Each year, the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) awards Homeless Assistance Grants to communities that administer housing and services at the local level. Specifically, the Emergency Solutions Grant (ESG) formula grant program and the competitive Continuum of Care (CoC) program fund the cornerstones of each community’s homeless system. The ESG grant funds street outreach, homelessness prevention and diversion, emergency shelter, and rapid re-housing. The CoC program funds permanent supportive housing, rapid re-housing, transitional housing, coordinated entry, and demonstrations like the Youth Homelessness Demonstration Program.
There are also four program accounts in appropriations bills that represent almost all Federal spending for affordable housing assistance for people with the lowest incomes:
- Tenant-Based Rental Assistance (TBRA) — this includes the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program (“Section 8”), Housing and Urban Development-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) vouchers, and Family Unification Program (FUP) vouchers
- Project-Based Rental Assistance (PBRA) — formerly known as “Project-Based Section 8,” this program provides rent subsidies for many privately owned affordable housing programs
- Public Housing accounts:
- Operating Funds — used by Public Housing Authorities for day-to-day costs
- Capital Grants — used for larger scale building repairs or maintenance
Alliance position: It is essential that both chambers of congress pass a final spending bill that includes HUD’s Homeless Assistance Grants and affordable housing assistance programs.
HUD’s McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants program received $2.513 billion in fiscal year (FY) 2018. The Administration asked for $2.383 billion for this program in its FY 2019 Budget Proposal, a $130 million decrease from the FY 2018 level. The House included $2.571 billion for this program in its FY 2019 T-HUD Subcommittee bill, and the Senate included $2.612 in its companion bill.
In FY 2018, HUD’s affordable housing accounts included $22.015 billion for HCVs, $11.515 billion for PBRA, and $7.3 billion for public housing. For FY 2019, the Administration ask, and the House and Senate drafts included the following sums for these accounts:
|Account||Administration Ask||House Bill||Senate Bill|
|Housing Choice Vouchers||$20.550 billion||$22.477 billion||$22.781 billion|
|Project-based Rental Assistance||$11.147 billion||$11.747 billion||$11.747 billion|
|Public Housing||$3.279 billion||$7.3 billion||$7.531 billion|
A compromise T-HUD bill has been included in a “minibus”, or 4-bill spending package, that is still being negotiated. On September 28, Congress passed a Continuing Resolution (CR) to fund the included agencies and programs until all differences between the House and Senate bills can be resolved. This CR will expire on December 7, 2018.