Hotels to Housing Case Studies

July 20, 2021  |  Publications

Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, numerous states and localities successfully expanded their housing capacity by rapidly acquiring hotels and motels and converting them into permanent housing. The following case studies outline some of the most noteworthy hotels-to-housing initiatives across the country. Each document includes an overview of the funding sources that were implemented, the administrative approach that guided the initiative, and the overall project development process. They also include an assessment of the key success factors and the major lessons learned for each effort.

Quick Downloads: California | Oregon | Vermont | Minnesota (Hennepin County) | Fort Worth, TX (Casa De Esperanza) | Los Angeles, CA (Casa Luna and Best Inn) | San Diego, CA (Kearny Valley VISTA) | Minneapolis, MN (Steven’s Square) | Essex Junction, VT (Susan’s Place)

Program-Level Case Studies

CaliforniaHomekey: California's Statewide Hotels-to-Housing Initiative (PDF)

Sources of Funding: Federal, State, Local, Philanthropic
Number of Units Created: 6066 units; 95 projects; 51 communities
Administrative Model: State Agency administered; local public entity implementation
Program Outcomes: 4.5% of Homeless Households (2020 PIT count)

OregonProject Turnkey: Oregon's Statewide Hotels-to-Housing Initiative (PDF)

Sources of Funding: State, Local
Number of Units Created: 867 units; 19 projects; 13 counties
Administrative Model: Statewide private foundation administered; local public & private implementation
Program Outcomes: 7% of Homeless Households (2020 PIT count)

VermontVermont Housing & Conservation Board Coronavirus Relief Fund: Vermont's Statewide Hotels-to-Housing Initiative (PDF)

Sources of Funding: Federal, State, Local
Number of Units Created: 247 units; 13 projects; 13 communities
Administrative Model: State Agency administered; local public & private implementation
Program Outcomes: 30% of Homeless Households (2020 PIT count)

Minnesota (Hennepin County)Hennepin County Hotel/Motel Acquisition Initiative (PDF)

Sources of Funding: Federal, Local
Number of Units Created: 165 units; 4 projects; 1 community
Administrative Model: County administered and implemented
Program Outcomes: 5.5% of Homeless Households (2020 PIT count)

Project-Level Case Studies

Fort Worth, TX
Casa De Esperanza, Fort Worth Housing Solutions and Ojala Partners, Fort Worth, TX (PDF)

Sources of Funding: Federal and Local
Number of Units Created: 119
Type of Units: Permanent supportive housing with housing vouchers
Ownership/Management Model: public housing authority owner; contract manager, services by non-profits

Los Angeles, CA (Casa Luna)
Casa Luna, National Community Renaissance (CORE) and Union Station Homeless Services, Los Angeles, CA (PDF)

Sources of Funding: Federal and State (through Homekey program) and Local
Number of Units Created: 49
Type of Units: Interim housing; planned transition to permanent supportive housing by 2025
Ownership/Management Model: non-profit owner/manager; services by separate non-profit

Los Angeles, CA (Best Inn)
Best Inn, The People Concern, Los Angeles, CA (PDF)

Sources of Funding: Federal and State (through Homekey program) and Local
Number of Units Created: 22
Type of Units: Interim housing
Ownership/Management Model: non-profit owner/manager/service provider

San Diego, CA (Kearny Valley VISTA)
Best Inn, The People Concern, Los Angeles, CA (PDF)

Sources of Funding: Federal and State (through Homekey program)
Number of Units Created: 142
Type of Unit: Permanent supportive housing with housing vouchers
Ownership/Management Model: public housing authority owner/manager; services contracted through separate non-profit

Minneapolis, MN (Stevens Square) *New!
Steven's Square Residence - Hennepin County and Alliance Housing

Sources of Funding: Local
Number of Units Created: 31
Type of Units: Single Room Occupancy with shared kitchens and bathrooms
Ownership/Management Model: county owner; non-profit landlord and manager

Essex Junction, VT (Susan’s Place) *New!
Susan's Place - Champlain Housing Trust - Essex Junction, Vermont

Sources of Funding: Federal, State and Local
Number of Units Created: 68
Type of Units: Permanent housing with supportive services
Ownership/Management Model: non-profit owner/manager; services by separate non-profits